1916 – Justice Party was formed
Dr. T.M. Nair, and Velludai Vendar alias Sir. P. Theagaraya established a political party on 20.1.1916. It was named as “South Indian Liberal Federation”. In order to propagate the principles of the party, a daily named “Justice” was started. Dr. Nair was its first editor. At a later stage, the party was called as “Justice Party” after the daily. In Tamil, it was called as “Needhi Katchi.” The historical South Indian Liberal Federation, which was later called as the Justice Party, is the birth of the Dravidian movement.
1920 – The first victory of Justice Party
Justice Party won a landslide victory in the election conducted on 20th November 1920 and formed the government. The President of the party Sir. P. Theagaraya made A. Subbarayulu Reddy as Chief Minister on 17.12.1920. On the death of Subbarayulu Reddy, the Raja of Panagal became the Chief Minister on 11.7.1921.
1938 – Periyar in Justice Party
In 1938, when Periyar was imprisoned, the 14th state conference of the Justice party took place on 29th, 30th, and 31st of December. “I bestow the garland that adorns my shoulder to Periyar”, saying so, the party men emotionally garlanded the photo of Periyar kept on the stage. Periyar was unanimously elected as the president of the party.
1944 – The formation of Dravida Kazhagam
The 16th state level conference of the Justice party was held in Salem. The Justice party was renamed as “Dravida Kazhagam.” The resolution for the name change was called as “Annadurai resolution.”
1949 - Arignar Anna announces the commencement of the DMK party
Perarignar Anna founded the “Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam” on 17.9.1949 at Robinson Park in Royapuram, Chennai. Anna said, “It is impossible to spread the principles or attain our goal without integrating our efforts. We have all the facilities and strength for it. As a first step, we will protest against the government for the freedom of speech and expression.” He emotionally said, “Dear Periyar, we, who have obtained culture and maturity from your guidance, will follow your path against the government and get imprisoned.”
1956 - Anna along with party cadres decides to contest election
The second state conference of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam was held on 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th of May in Trichy. A poll was conducted to decide whether the party should contest the 1957 general elections. The affirmative ones had to cast their ballot in the red box and those who rejected the idea were asked to cast their ballot in the black box. DMK is the first party in the history of India that decided whether to contest general elections or not through organizational balloting.
1957 - DMK wins 15 State Assembly seats and 2 Parliamentary seats
DMK for the first time contested general election. DMK won 15 assembly seats and 2 parliamentary seats due to the leaders like Arignar Anna and Kalaignar Karunanidhi’s oratorical skills. DMK, in its first electoral battle, was able to garner 17 lakhs votes. Kalaignar Karunanidhi won from Kulithalai constituency. Arignar Anna became the leader of the opposition for the first time.
1959 - DMK emerges as a single largest party in Chennai corporation elections
In the Chennai Corporation election DMK emerged victorious as the single largest party. Arignar Anna presented a signet ring to Kalaignar Karunanidhi for leading the party to victory. DMK won 45 seats, A.P. Arasu became DMK’s first Mayor of Chennai.
1967 - DMK forms the first government under the leadership of Arignar Anna
DMK won 138 seats in the election and as a first thing Arignar Anna, and Kalaignar Karunanidhi among others got the blessing of Periyar in Trichy. On 6.3.1967 Anna took oath as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu. He inaugurated the name board “Thamizhaga Arasu Thalaimai Seyalagam” (Secretariat) at Chennai Fort. Anna took three important decisions in his ministry. First, he changed the name of the state from Madras to “Tamil Nadu.” Second, he enacted the self-respect marriage law. Third, he passed the anti-Hindi resolution.
1969 - DMK founder and general secretary Arignar Anna expires
The founder of DMK, Perarignar Anna, passed away on 3.2.1969. Kalaignar was elected to lead the party in the DMK’s MLAs meeting. While Minister K.A. Mathiazhagan proposed Kalaignar’s name, Minister Sathiyavani Muthu endorsed it. Kalaignar was elected as the leader of the DMK in the legislative assembly. On 10.2.1969, Kalaignar became the chief minister for the first time.
1971 - DMK emerges victorious and forms the government under Kalaignar for the second time
The DMK won 184 assembly seats. Kalaignar Karunanidhi became the Chief Minister for the second time on 15.3.1971. The oath taking ceremony was held at the centenary jubilee hall of the Madras University.
1976 - The DMK government gets dismissed
The DMK government was dismissed on
January 31 for making a resolution to save democracy. Popular DMK leaders were
arrested under MISA. Thalapathy
MK Stalin was arrested and imprisoned for a year.
1982 - MK Stalin is appointed as the secretary of the youth wing
MK Stalin was elected as the Secretary of the DMK’s Youth Wing. He works tirelessly and is viewed synonymously with the Tamil word “Uzhaippu” which means diligent exertion.
1989 - DMK wins the state election and Kalaignar becomes the Chief Minister for the third time
After winning elections, DMK formed the government for the third time on 27.1.1989.
1991 - The DMK government gets dismissed for the second time
The DMK government was dismissed for a second time for working for the welfare of Sri Lankan Tamils. The “Otherwise” section of the article 356, which was never used before, was used to dismiss the DMK government.
1996 - DMK wins the state assembly elections and Kalaignar becomes the chief minister for the 4th time
DMK wins and Kalaignar became the Chief Minister for the 4th time. The DMK and its allies won a historically significant and forty out of forty and 221 out of 234 seats. While the DMK rule was established in Tamil Nadu, in the center, Tamil Nadu for the first time participated in the central government in the ministries of both the Prime Ministers Deve Gowda and I.K. Gujral. In the same year, in a direct election, people elected MK Stalin as the mayor of Chennai.
2004 - DMK along with its allies had a landslide victory in the parliamentary election
The UPA alliance headed by the DMK in Tamil Nadu won all the 40 out of 40 seats and took part in the ministry of Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh.
2006 - DMK along with its allies wins the state assembly
The DMK formed the government for the sixth time on 13.5.2006. Thalaivar Kalaignar became the Chief Minister for the fifth time.
2009 - DMK and its allies emerge successful in the parliamentary elections
In the 2009 General election, DMK led the UPA alliance in Tamil Nadu to victory in the state. The presence of Tamil candidates as central ministers continued during the tenure and Tamil Nadu continued to enjoy many a favor from the Central government. It was in 2009, MK Stalin became the first ever Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
2011 - Thalaivar Kalaignar contests and wins for the 12th consecutive time
For the 12th consecutive time the DMK president Thalaivar Kalaignar, who began his election journey at Kulithalai, won at his native place, Thiruvarur constituency.
2015 - Kalaignar is elected as the President for the eleventh time
For the eleventh time Kalaignar was elected as the President of the DMK. Perasiriyar K. Anbazhagan was re-elected as the General Secretary for the ninth consecutive time and Thalapathy MK Stalin was re-elected as the Treasurer of DMK. DMK reorganizes and creates new party specific district boundaries for better internal administration.
In order to safeguard the interests of Dravidians, Arignar Anna established the DMK party on 17th September 1949. In fact, Tamil scholars consider the birth of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) as the renaissance that revolutionized the state of Tamil Nadu. Anna's DMK was viewed as the guardian of the Tamil language and its culture.
In 1916, a group of elite personalities including Sir P Thyagrayar, Dr. Natesan, Dr. TM Nair, and a few others started the Justice Party. The party was named after the English Journal, 'Justice' published by the society of the same name ahead of the formation of the party. The core objective of the party was to protect the interest of the Dravidians in the state.
The Brahmin community dominated the only national party then, the Congress. E.V. Ramasamy, also called Thanthai Periyar, left the Congress party to form the Self-Respect Movement in 1925. The movement transformed into Dravida Kazhagam (DK). The principles of the movement attracted several revered personalities, such as Anna that spread the word across the state. However, over time, Anna separated from the movement due to difference of opinion with other leaders. In 1949, Anna floated the DMK.Read More...
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